What Are the Philippine Law Enforcement Function
Template:CommonsTemplate:PoliceTemplate:Law enforcement in the PhilippinesTemplate:Philippines topicsTemplate:Asia topic With the onset of U.S. rule and the Philippine-American War, the Philippine Police (CP) was established in 1901 as a national law enforcement force, reporting directly to the U.S. government. At the same time, today`s Manila Police District has become the first municipal police force in the Philippines. Later, police forces began modeling U.S. departments. The agency is administered and controlled by the National Police Commission and is part of the Department of Home Affairs and Local Government (DILG). Local police officers are operationally controlled by municipal mayors.  The DILG, on the other hand, organizes, trains and equips the PNP to perform policing functions as a national and civilian police force.
This group is responsible for performing all policing functions on the territorial waters, lakes and rivers of the Philippines along coastal areas, including ports and small islands, in order to ensure the security and sustainable development of the maritime environment. PNP officers are equipped with Beretta 92 and Glock pistols. Their assault rifles used were M16 and M4A1 rifles and were used by SWAT teams and the Special Action Force (SAF). The Israeli-made IMI Galil was purchased by PNP and later received 7,700 units in addition to the nearly 1,000 units used by the Philippine Drug Enforcement Administration. MP5 and UMP45 were used as machine guns. The shotguns used are the Remington 870 and Mossberg 590. Recently, PNP added Israel`s IWI Masada. PNP can often be confused with armed forces personnel when wearing their combat uniform – this trend towards a “military look” can be seen daily at checkpoints, where it is not at all uncommon to see PNP members in camouflage uniforms with M16 assault rifles. For what purpose does someone have to guess, but perhaps exaggerated to check the papers of the vehicles and in 2020, quarantine goes (due to the COVID-19 pandemic). On 1 January 1991, the Philippine Police and the Integrated National Police merged to form the Philippine National Police. The Philippine National Police assumed direct responsibility for most of the former functions of the Integrated National Police, including the fire and corrections departments, and was to succeed the AFP in 1993 after two years.
By the end of 1990, few details were available on how the military planned to transfer responsibility for policing and, eventually, counterinsurgency to civilian control. This group should enforce traffic laws and regulations, promote safety along highways, raise awareness of road safety through inter-agency cooperation in police security engineering, road safety education and traffic enforcement, and develop crime prevention reforms against all forms of lawlessness along the national highway, including the use of the Motor Vehicles. However, this group is rarely observed outside of highly urbanized areas or in provincial areas. The military gendarmerie was headed in 1990 by a Major General, who also served as Director-General of the Integrated National Police. He was assisted by deputies from the Philippine Gendarmerie and the Integrated National Police, as well as his headquarters at Camp Crame in Manila, which resembled the headquarters of AFP. Gendarmerie forces throughout the country were supported and controlled by a system of regional commandos, with command in each of the country`s twelve political regions. Under the operational control of the Area Commands, the Regional Commands controlled the subordinate provincial commands of the Philippine Gendarmerie and the Integrated National Police. These 73 provincial capitals, in turn, supervised 234 gendarmerie companies, which were the line units of the gendarmerie. Regional special companies supported the liner companies and acted as counterinsurgency forces.
An additional area command, known as both Capital Command and Metropolitan Police Force, led the Philippine Gendarmerie and the Integrated National Police in Manila. Metropolitan district commandments performed a similar function in eight of the country`s other major urban areas. Passed on December 13, 1990, Republic Act No. 6975, the Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990, ushered in a new era for Philippine law enforcement when the law ordered the complete merger of the Philippine Gendarmerie and the Integrated National Police, officially creating the Philippine National Police.  R.A. 6975 was further amended by R.A. 8551, the Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998, and R.A. 9708.  R.A. 8551 envisioned PNP as a community-based, service-oriented organization. After its name change, the Philippine Gendarmerie formally formed a national police force and essentially functioned as a gendarmerie that held the primary authority over law enforcement and homeland security.