Human Rights Article 13 Explained
Article 13 reinforces the right to seek refuge in another part of the country and the right of internally displaced persons to find a permanent solution by returning to where they lived, settling where they have found safety or settling elsewhere in the country. Somalia has come under international criticism for trying to restrict these rights and, for example, to force people to return to their territories of origin instead of allowing them to live where they feel safer. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, has encouraged us all to stand up for these rights. “It is important that we continue to work for the full implementation of human rights in a way that improves the lives of men, women and children everywhere,” she said. Against this backdrop, the sudden and strict lockdown of more than 3,000 residents in nine high-rise buildings in Melbourne last week has become an extremely traumatic experience for many culturally and linguistically diverse families, according to residents such as Ahmed Dini, a social worker who told the Guardian: Covid-19 has tested this right in many ways, and its priority in the context of other, more urgent rights, including the right to life. For some of us, this is the first time we have experienced restrictions on our freedom of movement. In Australia, for the first time in modern history, state borders are closing and international arrivals are restricted. We no longer have the right to leave our country and return to it. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Everyone has the right to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in the present Declaration can be fully realized. In November 2006, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly adopted a resolution calling on North Korea to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms after the United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted several resolutions. In North Korea, many fundamental rights are not guaranteed, including freedom of thought, association, movement, organized political opposition, trade union activism or religion.
Serious violations committed by the state include arbitrary arrests, torture, lack of due process, and executions. International human rights organizations do not have access to North Korea to investigate violations. For the past three years, North Korea has refused to engage in dialogue with Vitit Muntarbhorn, the UN special rapporteur on North Korea. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and must meet in a spirit of brotherhood. Article 13 derives from the rights of internally displaced persons, which are further elaborated in the United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. They prohibit arbitrary displacement and claim that internally displaced people “have the right to move freely within and outside camps or other facilities,” a principle that has not been respected, for example, in closed refugee camps for Rohingya in Myanmar`s Rakhine State. The beatings, stress positions and other abusive corporal punishment described above in detention violate some of the fundamental rights guaranteed by the ICCPR. Article 7 states: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Article 10 states: Everyone deprived of liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person. See and listen to people from all over the world reading articles from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in more than 80 languages. UN Secretary-General Antonio Gutteres recently called for putting human rights at the heart of Covid-19 responses, saying: “The threat is the virus and not the people, the virus threatens everyone, but human rights lift everyone. “To contain the spread of Covid-19, countries have introduced restrictions and measures on international travel, as well as freedom of movement within the territory. In the context of serious health threats such as Covid-19, restrictions on these rights would be justified. Yet these exceptions do not create an opportunity to violate people`s human rights, especially with regard to the treatment of people in the application of quarantine measures worldwide. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone in the history of human rights. The Declaration, drafted by representatives of different legal and cultural circles from all regions of the world, was promulgated by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and nations. It establishes for the first time fundamental human rights that must be universally protected and has been translated into more than 500 languages.
The UDHR is widely recognized as a source of inspiration and catalyst for the adoption of more than seventy human rights treaties, which are now continuously applied at the global and regional levels (all contain references to this in their preambles). While the pandemic requires restricting our freedom of movement as part of our collective responsibility to one another, we must maintain respect, care and humanity in how we treat communities that deny us these rights. Nothing in this Declaration shall be interpreted as implying the right of any State, group or person to engage in any activity or act aimed at the destruction of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration. Everyone has the right to a fair and public trial before an independent and impartial tribunal when deciding on his rights and obligations and on any criminal charges against him. In my own country, Nigeria, evacuees from other countries are stigmatized and forced to pay for accommodation and quarantine food before they arrive. In difficult times like these, it is important that everyone stands up for human rights and continues to work for the full implementation of human rights in a way that improves the lives of people everywhere. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy before the competent national courts for acts that violate the fundamental rights conferred on him by the Constitution or by law. For some of us, however, the violation of the right to free movement has been going on for a long time.
We live in a colonial society that, since its inception, has deprived First Nations communities of their fundamental right to freedom of movement. In Perth, the city was off-limits to tribal peoples from 1927 to 1954, a directive from the chief protector of Aborigines, AO Neville, who “did not want Indigenous peoples to socialize with `whites`, especially in White City – an amusement park in the foothills of Perth” (read more about this here). Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the present Declaration without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction may be made on the basis of the political, judicial or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is an independent, fiduciary, non-self-governing country or any other limitation of sovereignty. Everyone has the right to social security as a member of society and to the right to the realization of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality, through national efforts and international cooperation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State. Even if we were to go into a strict lockdown, the government should have sent social workers first, it should have sent medical staff first. But it was the police who came first and from that moment on, they said, “No one else in the building, we`ll tell you what`s going on from here.” Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) guarantees freedom of movement. You should be able to travel through your own country and choose where you live. “It is better to die in a vast field than to fall into a narrow barracks” – Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Gulag Archipelago Indian police filmed brutal attacks on people to enforce COVID-19 lockdown Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; This right includes freedom to hold opinions freely and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas by any media and regardless of frontiers, regardless of frontiers.