Ecuador Voting Laws
This spectrum implies that some countries officially have mandatory voting laws, but do not enforce them and do not intend to enforce them. There are a variety of possible reasons for this. Not applied for those who are over 70 years of age and who prove that they were not absent from the national territory at the time of voting until a time of voting, and for those who could not vote due to a case of force majeure. For multi-person elections, the law establishes an electoral system in accordance with the principles of proportionality, equal votes, justice, parity and distribution of power between women and men and determines the electoral districts inside and outside the country. Following the positive verdict of the Constitutional Court and the adoption of the Law on the Organic Law, the inhabitants of the provinces that make up the potential region must be summoned by referendum to comment on the regional statutes. The different forms of compulsory voting adopted in different countries direct the perception of a current or absent practice in countries towards a study of the degree and manner in which the government forces its citizens to participate. Can it be assumed that a country practices compulsory voting if mandatory electoral laws are ignored and unrelated to voters` voting habits? Does a country exercise the right to compulsory voting if there are no sanctions for not voting? What happens if there are penalties for non-voting, but they are never or barely enforced? Or if the penalty is negligible? Political parties have a national character, are subject to their principles and statutes, propose a platform of government and keep registers of their members. Political movements can refer to any level of government or district of Ecuadorians living abroad. The law defines the requirements and conditions for the democratic organization, permanence and action of political movements, as well as incentives for them to forge alliances. The main argument against compulsory voting is that it is incompatible with the freedom associated with democracy.
Voting is not an intrinsic obligation, and law enforcement would be an attack on citizens` freedom associated with democratic elections. This can discourage the political education of the electorate because people who are forced to participate react against the perceived source of oppression. Is a government really more legitimate if the high turnout is contrary to the will of the voters? Many countries with limited financial capacity may not be able to justify spending on maintaining and enforcing mandatory voting laws. It has been proven that the coercion of the population to vote leads to an increase in the number of invalid and empty votes compared to countries where there are no mandatory voting laws. The National Assembly promulgates laws as general norms for the common good. The powers of the National Assembly, which do not require the adoption of a law, are exercised by agreements or resolutions. A law is necessary in the following cases: the initiative to form an autonomous region is the responsibility of the provincial governments, which draw up a regionalization law proposing the territorial formation of the new region, as well as the draft statute of regional autonomy. The right to vote is exercised in accordance with the following order: Members of the armed forces and the national police are subject to special laws governing their rights and obligations and their system of promotion and promotion based on performance and equality criteria. Their job security and professional development must be ensured. The non-elector is removed from the list of electors until he submits a new application and gives a reason. Fees only apply if the voter has no valid reason not to vote.
The non-voter will also be excluded from participation in a subsequent presidential or parliamentary election. The adopted statutes constitute the basic institutional rules of the region and define its names, symbols and principles, as well as the organs and seat of the regional government. This statute defines the assets, revenues and resources of the regional government as well as the tasks it must initially perform. Amendments to the statutes are made in accordance with the procedure laid down therein and require a positive decision by the Constitutional Court. Other possible reasons for non-enforcement could be the complexity and resources required for enforcement. Countries with limited budgets should not give high priority to the implementation of mandatory voting laws, but should hope that the existence of the law would encourage citizens to participate.