Child`s Legal Custodian
Custody determines where the child lives and who decides on day-to-day matters relating to the child. If one of the parents has custody of a child, that parent`s domicile is usually the child`s legal residence (domicile). The hours that parents place and keep the child are set by a court-ordered custody education plan, also known as a parenting plan. Joint custody or co-parenting means that the child lives with both parents for the same or about the same period. In joint custody, both parents are custodial parents and neither parent is a non-custodial parent.  In the case of joint custody, terms such as “primary custodian” and “principal residence” have no other legal meaning than to determine tax status.  The term “visitation” is not used in cases of joint physical custody, but only for sole custody orders. In joint physical care, the actual placement and care of the child is shared according to a court-ordered custody plan, also known as a parenting plan or parenting plan.  Legal guardianship is granted by a court, such as the Family Court, in accordance with state laws. For parents/guardians involved in guardianship cases, it may be useful to contact a lawyer and/or hire a lawyer working in the field of family law. If you need help finding a lawyer, the American Bar Association (ABA) website offers a variety of services to the public, including the Find Legal Help website, which includes recommendations from pro bono lawyers and links to court resources. The ABA includes a section called Free Legal Answers to submit questions on civil law issues.
A directory of law schools that offer pro bono programs is also available on the ABA website. Ultimately, in circumstances of joint legal custody, a parent is granted final decision-making power for periods when the parents are unable to make an amicable decision. As a rule, the final decision rests with the parent who has primary custody. (Note: Physical custody is also shared in most cases.) Texas law establishes the rights and duties of all parents, whether they are the mother or father of the child. At the age of 18, your child is legally of legal age and the courts no longer have the power to order custody or visitation. At the beginning of the twentieth century, divorce cases became more frequent and, at the same time, contested custody became an issue that affected many families. With the changing attitudes of the roaring 20s, a woman`s sexual behavior no longer prevented her from getting custody of her children. Double standards regarding the sexual behaviour of fathers and mothers have been abolished. Keezer`s new rule on marriage and divorce law states: “If children have tender years, other things are the same, the mother is preferred as a guardian, especially in the case of female children, despite the fact that she may have been guilty of delinquency in the past, but there is no evidence of that, that she was a delinquent at the time the court decided the case.  Finally, reserve guardianship differs from traditional guardianship in that the parent retains much of his or her authority over the child. Many States have specifically designed these laws to meet the needs of parents with HIV/AIDS, other disabling diseases or incurable diseases who wish to plan for a legally secure future for their children. Child Welfare Information Gateway also provides summaries of state laws in its publication Standby Guardianship.
You don`t have to hire a lawyer, but custody cases are often factually complicated and require the presentation of witnesses and documents. If you represent yourself in court, you will be subject to the same rules of evidence and procedure as a licensed lawyer. Court officials, such as judges and registrars, cannot advise you on your rights and duties or on the likely outcome of your case depending on your family`s situation. For more information on how to find a lawyer to represent you, see the “Find a Lawyer” help topic. Legal guardianship is one of the options available to parents who plan to care for their children in their absence due to various situations such as illness or incarceration. It allows parents to designate a caregiver and give them certain legal rights with respect to custody of the child or children. In most cases, the legal rights of parents are not terminated and parents still play a role in their children`s lives. Guardians have custody of the children and the power to make decisions regarding protection, education, care, discipline, etc. Child custody is a legal term relating to guardianship that is used to describe the legal and practical relationship between a parent or guardian and a child in that person`s care.
Custody includes legal custody, which is the right to make decisions about the child, and physical custody, which is the right and duty to accommodate, care for and care for the child.  Married parents generally have joint legal and physical custody of their children. Custody decisions usually arise in proceedings involving divorce, annulment, separation, adoption or death of parents. In most jurisdictions, custody of children is established in accordance with the standard of best interests of the child.  Typically, one parent is designated as the primary physical custodian and the other parent receives secondary custody. This research guide is designed to help you find accurate legal information about child custody, child support, and child visits in Texas. The information on this page is intended for litigants who represent themselves and want to deal with things without a lawyer. The first page of this guide explains the parent-child relationship in general, including lawsuits that affect the parent-child relationship (STRP). On the following pages you will find specific information about childcare and child support. Learn how to find a lawyer to represent you and other resources for legal representation.
A custody case must be filed with a court of competent jurisdiction to hear disputes relating to custody. Jurisdiction usually results from the presence of the children as legal residents of the nation or state in which a custody case is filed.  However, some countries may recognize jurisdiction on the basis of a child`s citizenship even if the child resides in another country, or allow a court to assume jurisdiction over a custody case, temporarily or permanently, based on other factors.  Custody is the right to make important decisions about the child.